This guide is intended to advise users to make a more suitable purchase according to their own needs, avoiding the manufacturers marketing that lead to spending more money than is really necessary.
When picking a motherboard, your first priority is to make sure it has the right socket to match the CPU. Intel offers the LGA1151, LGA1200 and LGA2066 sockets. Regarding AMD instead we find the socket AM4 (for the Ryzen CPU), TR4 / TRX40 socket (for Threadripper CPU) and the socket FM2 (for the older APUs).
The second priority is the motherboard chipset. For Intel we find: Z590 (socket 1200) - is the best of the best, but it is relatively expensive, so it is recommended only to those who overclocks or is interested in having a top tier hardware. Moreover, unlike in the past, you do not need high-end motherboards to have good results in overclocking, so our suggestion remains Z590 for midrange. It is worth to choose the top models only if you need the features they offer. H570 and B560 (socket 1200) - is the best choice for the average user: with the exception of overclocking and bandwidth limitations on the second PCI-e slot in addiction to lower RAM frequency support, the H570/B560 offers the same features at a much lower price.
About AMD, with AM4 socket we find the A520, B550 and X570 chipsets: the main differences concern the number of SATA and USB 3.2 ports, PCI-e 4.0 lanes, with X570 having the best multi-GPU, overclock and PCI Express 4.0 support. As already said about Intel, for the average user a good B550 is enough, while you can bet on an X570 if you need the extra features it offers.
Ryzen 3200G / 3400G are good models of CPUs with integrated GPU for limited budgets and for people who don’t want to invest a lot of money on a dedicated graphic card. They are optimal choices for HTPCs or in general for whom is using the PC mainly to watch movies, browse the internet and using Microsoft Office. However, they are not very suitable for playing video games, where you will not have a very good frame rate, even at lower resolutions.
A bit more powerful are the new Intel i3 processors. These quad core CPUs, used in combination with a good dedicated graphic card, will allow you to play most of the video games without problems. Their Intel single core architecture makes them even faster than AMD in gaming, with exceptions for heavy multi threaded applications. We recommend them as it's probably the best choice for the average user with limited budget.
For people who desire more performance, our recommendation is a processor from new Intel i5 10th generation or AMD Ryzen 5 5th generation (Vermeer). These CPUs are the best choice for a mid/high-end PC, being able to take advantage of any graphic card full potential, while keeping an acceptable price. Intel's K series CPUs are suggested only for only for users that like to overclock their processors, if you do not have any intentions to overclock your processor, you should save some money by picking the normal version of the CPU.
If you intend to make intensive use of multi threaded applications, then the best choice would be a processor from the AMD Ryzen 7 5th generation. These CPUs have very similar performance to Intel in games, but in well-optimized applications they can fully take advantage of the higher number of core/threads and offer superior performance and efficiency.
Dual channel does not drastically influence performance, so using two modules instead of one is not mandatory. If you are looking to upgrade in the future, it is recommended to buy just one module. Otherwise a memory kit consisting of multiple modules remains the best choice.
The recommended minimum RAM quantity is currently 8GB for low-end systems. Some video games or applications might be more RAM intensive, so 16GB is the recommended value for most systems. Any higher value might be really expensive and not necessary unless it is required for specific applications that demand a lot of memory, but it can still be a good investment. There are no specific recommended brands or models, just make sure the above criteria matches to what you are actually looking for (quantity, speed and voltage).
We recommend the AMD RX 580 Series or the NVIDIA GTX 1660 Series for a good compromise of details and fps with the most recent video games, and not above a RTX 3060 Ti if you are using only a single monitor with full HD (1080p or 2K) resolution. Spending more money is only logical when using higher resolutions or multi monitor configurations.
Top tier VGAs are AMD 6800 XT and NVIDIA RTX 3080, delivering ultra-high frame rates and serious levels of 4K resolution gaming. Software technologies such as NVIDIA DLSS and AMD FidelityFX Super Resolution allow to increase the performance of the video card at high resolutions through upscaling algorithms, obtaining big improvements in terms of FPS and at the expense of a minimum image quality loss. While DLSS is for the exclusive use of NVIDIA RTX video cards, the AMD counterpart is supported by more cards from both manufacturers.
Once you have picked your GPU, you have to decide the specific model. Some models are equal to the producer reference board (AMD or NVIDIA) and in that case there isn't really a good reason to choose one over the other. Sometimes manufacturers decide to personalize card layout, components, heat sinks and running frequencies. When is a specific manufacturer’s card worth it? That really depends. It is not convenient to spend more to choose only slightly overclocked models, or in some cases where the custom heatsink does not bring any significant advantage compared to the reference one.
Should I buy 2 slower cards instead of a single more powerful one at the same price? The answer is no. Within low/mid range market it is always more convenient to pick a single card. Also SLI/Crossfire support is going to die soon.
The power supply is one of the most important and underrated components for users with little experience. As opposed to what the manufacturers want us to believe, nowadays computers consume a lot less energy than in the past. Therefore it's not needed to pick a power supply with exorbitant Watts.
Power supply calculators are often unreliable, suggesting power supplies with more watts than you would actually need. The fundamental factor is build quality: a good 500 watt power supply can be better than an economic 700 watt one. Unfortunately, the quality is very variable and also power supplies of the same brand can still differ a lot. The only advice is to read about it on specialized websites, such as jonnyguru.com.
Picking the right wattage requires to evaluate CPU and graphic card consumption first. Every computer with an APU o low-end graphic card will consume very little, so power supplies like the Corsair CX are a best-buy. A good cheap alternative is the EVGA. For a mid/high-end computer, a good quality 550W power supply is more than enough, 650W if you choose video cards that consume a lot and you don't want to take risks. Models like the SeaSonic Gold and Corsair RM offer great quality and Gold efficiency certification. To save some money, Bronze certified like the Antec HCG are a good alternative.
If you don't feel safe and want some more watts, then we recommend the SeaSonic G-650 (which is the best buy), the XFX TS Gold Series 650W or the top quality SeaSonic Prime with Platinum certification.
Above 650W is a sensible choice only for those who have a top GPU configuration. An excellent model with 80 PLUS Platinum certification is the Corsair HX750i. For the highest build quality there is the Corsair AX.
Remember: NEVER buy cheap power supplies as they can cause irreversible damage to other components.
We will not judge the aesthetic factor, as purely subjective. Important features when picking a case that should be considered are:
The build quality is also very important and it is better to still prefer aluminum to plastic cases. Unfortunately it is not easy to evaluate and in many cases we just have to trust the reviews. An economic model but definitely a very good case is the Antec One, which we found superior to many more expensive cases.
Among our favourites there is the series Corsair Carbide, with various models covered in all price ranges. Good alternatives in high-end mid tower are the Antec, Fractal Design or the Cooler Master. If you have enough space, you can opt for a full tower.
An SSD is a highly recommended purchase as it ensures a great performance boost of the system in terms of speed and responsiveness compared to HDD. An SSD of 240/256GB capacity should be more than enough to install the operating system and most used applications, 512GB / 1TB are required for installing the most recent triple A video games.
NVME M.2 PCI-E drives as the Samsung 970, Sabrent or Crucial P5 are excellent choices whose performance goes beyond the limit of SATA 3. They are the best that the market has to offer for those who have no restrictions in their budget. PCI-Express 4.0 drives are currently supported only by most recent AMD chipsets.
HDD: the most important feature of a HDD is definitely the reliability, which unfortunately is not easy to measure. Most of the tests indicates that Western Digital are the most reliable over time, and so they are our first choice. The performance difference between Black and Blue series is difficult to perceive in everyday use, therefore we recommend the latter as it's definitely cheaper. The Seagate Barracuda are less reliable (but still good) and have better performance than WD, so they are a compelling alternative.
We also have created a performance chart where you can find, filter and sort the best drives the market has to offer.
Do we still need a dedicated sound card? For most users the answer is no. The integrated audio quality has improved a lot and the are some chips, like the Realtek ALC1150, that have no disadvantages compared to dedicated sound cards. Users very critical on having the best sound possible can still satisfy their needs by picking up the various models of ASUS Xonar.
We do not recommend the Creative X-Fi due the many problems with drivers experienced by a significant amount of users.
Monitors are one of the most difficult components to choose as you have to find a good compromise between its pros and cons. The first general advice is to ignore all of the manufacturers' specifications because very often do not correspond to reality. Most of the times the actual values of contrast, brightness, response time, viewing angles, etc. do not come anywhere close to those indicated. The only way to know the true quality of a monitor is to rely on the reviews. The important information to take into account is:
The perfect monitor does not exist. So what should you purchase? If you have a limited budget, you do not have many choices. You will have to necessarily settle for a 60Hz TN.
For those who want to enjoy the most out of the video games, especially the fast paced ones like FPS or sports games, you should opt for a 144Hz or higher monitor.
Mechanical keyboards, or keyboards with a single individual mechanical switch below every key, have had an explosion of popularity lately, although in reality the underlying technology is the same that belonged to the first historical keyboards. So what are the advantages of mechanical compared to the classic membrane keyboards to which we are accustomed to?
Most of mechanical keyboards in commerce use Cherry MX switches. Here's a quick rundown of most popular kind of switches, and some popular keyboard models that include each one of them:
The choice of which mouse is rather subjective. However, there are some important guidelines that you can follow that will allow making a more accurate selection of which mouse you are going to buy. It is important to consider:
In case you were wondering about wireless mice. Our advice is the following: if you're looking for a gaming mouse, wireless mice should be absolutely avoided. Their performances are not at all comparable, even to a mediocre wired mouse.